Read Psalm 110
Inaugurations and coronations are typically formal events with their own share of pomp and circumstance. That was true in Old Testament Israel as well. Not only were kings crowned through anointing, but there was also the use of corresponding words that were spoken as part of those ceremonies.
Coronation psalms like Psalm 110, likely served that purpose. These psalms typically pointed in hope and anticipation to the king’s exaltation and his victory over his enemies.
But if we look beyond Psalm 110, we discover that portions from this psalm are cited in the New Testament as well. Instead of referring to a mere human king, the New Testament references are used to describe the King of kings, Jesus Christ. No wonder Psalm 110 is classified as a Messianic Psalm.
Did you identify the thoughts that point to Jesus? There were at least two major ones in these seven verses.
- “The Lord said to my Lord: ‘Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet’” (v. 1). This statement is often made in the New Testament in reference to Jesus. His title as Lord points to Him as the sovereign ruler. His position at the right hand of God depicts Him as equal with the Father. His authority over His enemies makes clear that He will one day reign victorious against all opponents of God and His righteousness.
- “You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek” (v. 4b). The Old Testament character Melchizedek made only a momentary appearance on the stage of Scripture, in Genesis 14:18-20. Hebrews 7 offers us further insight as to what all of that means. Jesus is like Melchizedek in that His name and title indicate Him as the “king of righteousness” and “king of peace.” He is a great, eternal priest without beginning or end.
While earthly kings and government authorities will fall short of the description given here, we can celebrate the fact that a day is coming when the realities of Christ’s reign will be fully experienced here on the earth!