Read Hebrews 8:1-13
The Eternal Covenant was one between the Father and the Son before creation. It required the shedding of Christ’s blood for the redemption of man.
The Edenic Covenant was an agreement between God and man made in His image. It outlined man’s responsibilities to multiply and fill the earth, subdue creation, and eat only what God permitted.
The Noahic Covenant was an agreement between God, Noah, and Noah’s descendants. With it, man was once again obligated to multiply and fill the earth. God also gave new dietary freedoms while promising no more flooding.
The Abrahamic Covenant promised Abraham land, descendants, and blessing. It would be through him (ultimately through his future descendant, Jesus) that blessing would be available to all.
The Mosaic Covenant obligated the people of God to keep the commandments of God. Ultimately, the Law pointed out man’s need for a Savior.
The Palestinian Covenant pointed the twelve tribes towards devotion to God, prophesied of exile from the land for their future disobedience, and promised their ultimate return.
The Davidic Covenant guaranteed that a future descendant of David would reign on his throne eternally.
All of those covenants were pointing to a future day and a final covenant. They were fixing the light on the coming of the Savior and His eternal kingdom. They were directing the attention of men and women toward a New Covenant. This new covenant was one established by the blood of Christ (Lk. 22:20). In fact, every time you take the cup at communion you are mindful of that covenant, for Jesus said, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me.” (1 Cor. 11:25) The New Covenant has an “already” element to it.
But there is also a “not yet” aspect to this covenant. It anticipates a future day when the knowledge of God will be apparent and not taught. It points to a time when obedience to God will be unbridled and not partial. This covenant will find its fullest expression in a millennial kingdom that is yet to come and in eternity where Christ is our focal point.
Already…thank you, Jesus!
Not yet…I can’t wait for more!